Presidents of Haiti

This page lists the heads of state of Haiti, Presidents of Haiti since the beginning of the Haitian Revolution in 1791. Full independence of Haiti was declared in 1804.

Between 1806 and 1820 Haiti was divided between the northern State, renamed Kingdom of Haiti in 1811, and the southern Republic of Haiti. Between 1822 and 1844 the Republic of Haiti ruled over the entire island of Hispaniola, during the period known as the unification of Hispaniola.

Presidents of Haiti

Heads of State of Haiti

Saint-Domingue (1791–1804)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Time in office Party Title(s)
N/A Général Toussaint Louverture.jpg Toussaint Louverture
(1743–1803)
1 January 1791 6 May 1802 11 years,127 days Independent Leader of the Haitian Revolution (1 January 1791 – 6 May 1802)
Lieutenant Governor of Saint-Domingue (1797 – 7 July 1801)
Governor-General for Life of the entire island of Hispaniola (7 July 1801 – 6 May 1802)
Vacant (6 May 1802–1 January 1804)
N/A Jean-Jacques-Dessalines.jpg Jean-Jacques Dessalines
(1758–1806)
1 January 1804 22 September 1804 265 days Independent Governor-General of Haiti

First Empire of Haiti (1804–1806)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Period of reign Time in office Coronation Title(s)
1 Jean-Jacques-Dessalines.jpg Jacques I
(1758–1806)
22 September 1804 17 October 1806 2 years,25 days 8 October 1804 Emperor of Haiti

State of Haiti (1806–1811)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Time in office Party Title(s)
N/A Henri Christophe.jpg Henri Christophe
(1767–1820)
17 October 1806 28 March 1811 4 years,163 days Independent

Kingdom of Haiti (1811–1820)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Period of reign Time in office Coronation Title(s)
N/A Henri Christophe.jpg Henri I
(1767–1820)
28 March 1811 8 October 1820 9 years,192 days 2 June 1811

Republic of Haiti (1806–1822)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Time in office Party Title(s)
1 Petion (President d'Haiti 1807-1818).jpg Alexandre Pétion
(1770–1818)
17 October 1806 29 March 1818 11 years,165 days Independent President (17 October 1806 – 9 October 1816)
President for Life (9 October 1816 – 29 March 1818)
2 Président Jean-Pierre Boyer.jpg Jean-Pierre Boyer
(1776–1850)
30 March 1818 9 February 1822 3 years,314 days Independent President for Life

Republic of Haiti during the unification of Hispaniola (1822–1844)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Time in office Party Title(s)
(2) Président Jean-Pierre Boyer.jpg Jean-Pierre Boyer
(1776–1850)
9 February 1822 13 February 1843 21 years,5 days Independent Presidents of Haiti
3 Charles Rivière-Hérard.jpg Charles Rivière-Hérard
(1789–1850)
4 April 1843 27 February 1844 329 days Independent Presidents of Haiti

Republic of Haiti (1844–1849

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Time in office Party Title(s)
(3) Charles Rivière-Hérard.jpg Charles Rivière-Hérard
(1789–1850)
27 February 1844 3 May 1844 66 days Independent Presidents of Haiti
4 Philippe Guerrier.jpg Philippe Guerrier
(1757–1845)
3 May 1844 15 April 1845 348 days Independent President
5 Jean-Louis Pierrot.jpg Jean-Louis Pierrot
(1761–1857)
16 April 1845 24 March 1846 342 days Independent President
6 Jean-Baptiste Riché.jpg Jean-Baptiste Riché
(1780–1847)
24 March 1846 28 February 1847 342 days Independent President
7 Faustin Soulouque.jpg Faustin Soulouque
(1782–1867)
2 March 1847 26 August 1849 2 years,176 days Independent President

Second Empire of Haiti (1849–1859)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Period of reign Time in office Coronation Title(s)
2 Faustin I.jpg Faustin I
(1782–1867)
26 August 1849 22 January 1859 9 years,148 days 18 April 1852 Emperor of Haiti

Republic of Haiti (1859–1957)

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Time in office Party Title(s)
8 Fabre Geffrard (President d'Haiti 1859-1867).jpg Fabre Geffrard
(1806–1878)
22 January 1859 13 March 1867 8 years,50 days Independent President
Nissage Saget.jpg Nissage Saget
(1810–1880)
20 March 1867 2 May 1867 44 days Independent Provisional President
9 Sylvain Salnave .jpg Sylvain Salnave
(1827–1870)
4 May 1867 27 December 1869 2 years,236 days Independent President
10 Nissage Saget.jpg Nissage Saget
(1810–1880)
27 December 1869 14 May 1874 4 years,138 days Liberal Party President
Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Council of Secretaries of State 14 May 1874 14 June 1874 31 days Independent Council of Secretaries of State
11 Michel Domingue.jpg Michel Domingue
(1813–1877)
14 June 1874 15 April 1876 1 year,306 days Independent President
12 Pierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal.jpg Pierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal
(1832–1905)
23 April 1876 17 July 1879 3 years,85 days Liberal Party Provisional President (23 April 1876 – 17 July 1876)
President (17 July 1876 – 17 July 1879)
Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Joseph Lamothe
(?–1891)
26 July 1879 2 October 1879 3 years,66 days Independent Provisional President
13 Salomon 200.jpg Lysius Salomon
(1815–1888)
2 October 1879 10 August 1888 8 years,312 days National Party President
Pierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal.jpg Pierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal
(1832–1905)
10 August 1888 16 October 1888 67 days Liberal Party Provisional President
14 François Denys Légitime.jpg François Denys Légitime
(1841–1935)
16 October 1888 23 August 1889 311 days Liberal Party President
Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Monpoint Jeune
(1830–1905)
23 August 1889 17 October 1889 55 days Independent Provisional President
15 Florvil Hyppolite official photo.jpg Florvil Hyppolite
(1828–1896)
17 October 1889 24 March 1896 6 years,160 days National Party Presidents of HaitiPresident
16 Tirésias Simon Sam portrait.jpg Tirésias Simon Sam
(1835–1916)
31 March 1896 12 May 1902 6 years,43 days National Party Presidents of Haiti
Pierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal.jpg Pierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal
(1832–1905)
26 May 1902 17 December 1902 206 days Liberal Party Provisional President
17 Pierre Nord Alexis, 1905.jpg Pierre Nord Alexis
(1820–1910)
21 December 1902 2 December 1908 5 years,346 days Military Presidents of Haiti
18 Presidentsimon.jpg François C. Antoine Simon
(1843–1923)
6 December 1908 3 August 1911 2 years,242 days Liberal Party President
19 Cincinnatus Leconte.jpg Cincinnatus Leconte
(1854–1912)
15 August 1911 8 August 1912 359 days National Party President[e]
20 Tancrede Auguste.jpg Tancrède Auguste
(1856–1913)
8 August 1912 2 May 1913 268 days National Party President
21 Michel Oreste portrait.jpg Michel Oreste
(1859–1918)
12 May 1913 27 January 1914 261 days Independent President
22 Oreste Zamor portrait.jpg Oreste Zamor
(1861–1915)
8 February 1914 29 October 1914 264 days Military President
23 Joseph Davilmar Theodore portrait.jpg Joseph Davilmar Théodore
(1847–1917)
7 November 1914 22 February 1915 108 days Military President
24 Vilbrun Guillaume Sam portrait.jpg Vilbrun Guillaume Sam
(1859–1915)
25 February 1915 28 July 1915 154 days Military President
25 Dartiguenave.jpg Philippe Sudré Dartiguenave
(1863–1926)
12 August 1915 15 May 1922 6 years,276 days Independent President
26 Louis Borno.jpg Louis Borno
(1865–1942)
15 May 1922 15 May 1930 8 years Independent Presidents of Haiti
27 Louis Eugene Roy portrait.jpg Louis Eugène Roy
(1861–1939)
15 May 1930 18 November 1930 187 days Independent Presidents of Haiti
28 Stenio Vincent portrait.jpg Sténio Vincent
(1874–1959)
18 November 1930 15 May 1941 10 years,179 days Independent President
29 Elie Lescot portrait.jpg Élie Lescot
(1883–1974)
15 May 1941 11 January 1946 4 years,240 days Liberal Party Presidents of Haiti
Franck Lavaud portrait.jpg Franck Lavaud
(1903–1986)
11 January 1946 16 August 1946 217 days Military Chairman of the Military Executive Committee
30 Dumarsais estime portrait.jpg Dumarsais Estimé
(1900–1953)
16 August 1946 10 May 1950 3 years,267 days Independent Presidents of Haiti
Franck Lavaud portrait.jpg Franck Lavaud
(1903–1986)
10 May 1950 6 December 1950 210 days Military Chairman of the Government Junta
31 Paul Magloire portrait.jpg Paul Magloire
(1907–2001)
1950 6 December 1950 12 December 1956 6 years,6 days Peasant Worker Movement Presidents of Haiti
Joseph Nemours Pierre-Louis portrait.jpg Joseph Nemours Pierre-Louis
(1900–1966)
12 December 1956 3 February 1957 54 days Independent Provisional President
Franck Sylvain portrait.jpg Franck Sylvain
(1909–1987)
7 February 1957 2 April 1957 54 days Independent Provisional President
Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Executive Government Council 2 April 1957 25 May 1957 53 days Independent Executive Government Council
Daniel fignole portrait.jpg Daniel Fignolé
(1913–1986)
25 May 1957 14 June 1957 20 days Peasant Worker Movement Provisional President
Antonio Thrasybule Kebreau portrait.jpg Antonio Thrasybule Kébreau
(1909–1963)
14 June 1957 22 October 1957 130 days Military Chairman of the Military Council

Republic of Haiti during the Duvalier dynasty (1957–1986)

  • Presidential referendum
  •  Constitutional referendum
  • Died in office
No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Time in office Party Title(s)
32 Duvalier (cropped).jpg François Duvalier
(1907–1971)
1957
1961
1964
22 October 1957 21 April 1971 13 years,182 days National Unity Party President (22 October 1957 – 22 June 1964)
President for Life (22 June 1964 – 21 April 1971)
33 Baby Doc (centrée).jpg Jean-Claude Duvalier
(1951–2014)
1971
1985
21 April 1971 7 February 1986 14 years,290 days National Unity Party President for Life

Republic of Haiti (1986–present)

Symbols

Indirect election

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Elected Term of office Duration Party Title(s)
Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Henri Namphy
(1932–2018)
7 February 1986 7 February 1988 2 years Military President of the National Council of Government
34 Leslie Manigat, 16 juin 1988.png Leslie Manigat
(1930–2014)
1988 7 February 1988 20 June 1988[j] 134 days Rally of Progressive National Democrats President
35 Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Henri Namphy
(1932–2018)
20 June 1988 17 September 1988[k] 89 days Military President
36 Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Prosper Avril
(1937–)
17 September 1988 10 March 1990 1 year,173 days Military President
Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Hérard Abraham
(1940–)
10 March 1990 13 March 1990 3 days Military Acting President
Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Ertha Pascal-Trouillot
(1943–)
13 March 1990 7 February 1991 331 days Independent Provisional President
37 Clinton&Aristide-2.jpg Jean-Bertrand Aristide
(1953–)
1990–91 7 February 1991 29 September 1991[l] 234 days Lavalas Political Organization President
N/A Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Raoul Cédras
(1949–)
29 September 1991 8 October 1991 9 days Military Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces[m]
Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Joseph Nérette
(1924–2007)
8 October 1991 19 June 1992 255 days Independent Provisional President
Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Marc Bazin
(1932–2010)
19 June 1992 15 June 1993 361 days Movement for the Instauration of Democracy in Haiti Acting President
37 Clinton&Aristide-2.jpg Jean-Bertrand Aristide
(1953–)
15 June 1993 12 May 1994 331 days Lavalas Political Organization President[n]
Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Émile Jonassaint
(1913–1995)
12 May 1994 12 October 1994 153 days Independent Provisional President
37 Clinton&Aristide-2.jpg Jean-Bertrand Aristide
(1953–)
12 October 1994 7 February 1996 1 year,117 days Lavalas Political Organization President[o]
38 Rene Preval.jpg René Préval
(1943–2017)
1995 7 February 1996 7 February 2001 5 years Fanmi Lavalas President
39 Clinton&Aristide-2.jpg JeanBertrand Aristide
(1953–)
2000 7 February 2001 Fanmi Lavalas President
Boniface Alexandre.jpg Boniface Alexandre
(1936–)
29 February 2004 14 May 2006 2 years,75 days Independent Provisional President
40 Rene Preval.jpg René Préval
(1943–2017)
2006 14 May 2006 14 May 2011 5 years Lespwa President
(40) Inite
41 Michel Martelly on April 20, 2011.jpg Michel Martelly
(1961–)
2010–11 14 May 2011 7 February 2016 4 years,267 days Repons Peyizan President
Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Council of Ministers 7 February 2016 14 February 2016 7 days Independent Council of Ministers
Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Jocelerme Privert
(1953–)
2016 (Feb)[I] 14 February 2016 7 February 2017 359 days Inite Provisional President[r]
42 Jovenel Moise.jpg Jovenel Moïse
(1968–)
2016 (Nov) 7 February 2017 Incumbent 2 years,153 days Haitian Tèt Kale Party President

Foreign governors and military commanders

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Duration Title(s) Country
United States occupation of Haiti
ADM William B. Caperton, 1914.jpg William Banks Caperton
(1855–1941)
28 July 1915 15 August 1915 18 days Commander cruiser squadron, Atlantic Fleet  United States
Littleton Waller.jpg Littleton Waller
(1856–1926)
15 August 1915 21 November 1916 1 year,98 days Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti  United States
Eli Kelley Cole in 1917.jpg Eli K. Cole
(1867–1929)
22 November 1916 27 November 1917 1 year,6 days Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti  United States
John H. Russell.jpg John H. Russell Jr.
(1872–1947)
28 November 1917 6 December 1918 1 year,9 days Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti  United States
Col. A.W. Catlin LOC 27484048562.jpg Albertus W. Catlin
(1868–1933)
7 December 1918 14 July 1919 220 days Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti  United States
Louis M. Little.jpg Louis M. Little
(1878–1960)
15 July 1919 1 October 1919 79 days Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti  United States
John H. Russell.jpg John H. Russell Jr.
(1872–1947)
2 October 1919 14 January 1922 2 years,103 days Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti  United States
George Owen Van Orden.jpg George O. Van Orden
(1878–1957)
14 January 1922 28 March 1922 74 days Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti  United States
No image.png Theodore P. Kane
(1868–1943)
29 March 1922 15 November 1923 1 year,231 days Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti  United States
No image.png William N. McKelvy
(1869–1933)
16 November 1923 21 January 1924 66 days Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti  United States
Ben Hebard Fuller.jpg Ben H. Fuller
(1870–1937)
21 January 1924 11 June 1925 1 year,143 days Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti  United States
No image.png William N. McKelvy
(1869–1933)
12 June 1925 25 June 1925 14 days Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti  United States
No image.png Harold Courtland Snyder
(1872–1933)
26 June 1925 29 July 1925 34 days Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti  United States
Ben Hebard Fuller.jpg Ben H. Fuller
(1870–1937)
30 July 1925 7 December 1925 131 days Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti  United States
Jtmyers-usmcphoto.jpg John T. Myers
(1871–1952)
8 December 1925 24 January 1928 2 years,47 days Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti  United States
No image.png Presley M. Rixey Jr.
(1879–1953)
25 January 1928 22 February 1928 29 days Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti  United States
No image.png Louis Mason Gulick
(1879–1933)
23 February 1928 24 June 1929 1 year,123 days Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti  United States
No image.png Richard M. Cutts
(1878–1934)
25 June 1929 11 May 1931 1 year,321 days Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti  United States
Louis M. Little.jpg Louis M. Little
(1878–1960)
3 July 1931 15 August 1934 3 years,43 days Commander, Expeditionary Forces Operating in Haiti  United States
Arthur Bailly-Blanchard in 1920.jpg Arthur Bailly-Blanchard
(1855–1925)
15 November 1915 26 September 1921 5 years,316 days Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary  United States
John H. Russell.jpg John H. Russell Jr.
(1872–1947)
11 February 1922 16 November 1930 8 years,278 days High Commissioner to Haiti  United States
No image.png Dana Gardner Munro
(1892–1990)
16 November 1930 14 September 1932 1 year,303 days Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary  United States
Norman Armour.jpg Norman Armour
(1887–1982)
7 November 1932 4 March 1933 2 years,135 days Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary  United States
11 April 1933 21 March 1935
George Anderson Gordon.jpg George A. Gordon
(1885–1959)
6 September 1935 21 July 1937 1 year,319 days Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary  United States
Operation Uphold Democracy
General Henry Shelton, official portrait 2.jpg Hugh Shelton
(1942–)
19 September 1994 25 October 1994 Commander of the Multinational Forces Haiti (MNF)  United States
No image.png David C. Meade
(1941?–)
25 October 1994 14 January 1995 Commander of the Multinational Forces Haiti (MNF)  United States
George A. Fisher, Jr. (MG).png George A. Fisher Jr.
(1942–)
14 January 1995 31 March 1995 Commander of the Multinational Forces Haiti (MNF)  United States
No image.png Joseph W. Kinzer
(1939–)
31 March 1995 5 March 1996 Commander of the United Nations Mission in Haiti Force (UNMIH)  United States
No image.png J. R. Pierre Daigle
(1950–)
5 March 1996 30 June 1997 Commander of the United Nations Mission in Haiti Force (UNMIH)  Canada
No image.png Robin Gagnon
(1950–)
1 August 1997 30 November 1997 Commander of the United Nations Mission in Haiti Force (UNMIH)  Canada
2004 Haitian coup d’état
LtGen Ronald S. Coleman, USMC.jpg Ronald S. Coleman
(1948–)
29 February 2004 1 June 2004 Commanding General, Combined Joint Task Force Haiti and Commander of the Multinational Interim Force in Haiti (MIF)  United States
Augusto Heleno (2007).jpg Augusto Heleno
(1947–)
1 June 2004 1 September 2005 Commander, United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti Force (MINUSTAH)  Brazil
General140430.jpg Urano Teixeira da Matta Bacellar
(1947–2006)
1 September 2005 7 January 2006 Commander, United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti Force (MINUSTAH)  Brazil
No image.png Eduardo Aldunate Herman
(1948–)
Interim
7 January 2006 20 January 2006 Interim Commander, United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti Force (MINUSTAH)  Chile
José Elito Carvalho de Siqueira.jpg José Elito Carvalho de Siqueira
(1946–)
20 January 2006 9 January 2007 Commander, United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti Force (MINUSTAH)  Brazil
Lieutenant General Carlos Alberto dos Santos Cruz (Brazil) Force Commander (8969161515).jpg Carlos Alberto Dos Santos Cruz
(1952–)
9 January 2007 9 April 2009 Commander, United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti Force (MINUSTAH)  Brazil
Floriano Peixoto Vieira Neto.jpg Floriano Peixoto Vieira Neto
(1954–)
9 April 2009 11 April 2010 Commander, United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti Force (MINUSTAH)  Brazil
VAC 9682.JPG Luiz Guilherme Paul Cruz
(1957–)
11 April 2010 30 March 2011 Commander, United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti Force (MINUSTAH)  Brazil
Luiz Eduardo Ramos Pereira.jpg Luiz Eduardo Ramos Pereira
(1956–)
30 March 2011 27 March 2012 Commander, United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti Force (MINUSTAH)  Brazil
No image.png Fernando Rodrigues Goulart
(1958–)
27 March 2012 27 March 2013 Commander, United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti Force (MINUSTAH)  Brazil
No image.png Edson Leal Pujol
(1955–)
27 March 2013 15 March 2014 Commander, United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti Force (MINUSTAH)  Brazil
No image.png José Luiz Jaborandy Jr.
(1958–2015)
15 March 2014 30 August 2015 Commander, United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti Force (MINUSTAH)  Brazil
No image.png Jorge Peña Leiva
(1961–)
Acting
4 September 2015 13 October 2015 Acting Commander, United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti Force (MINUSTAH)  Chile
No image.png Ajax Porto Pinheiro
(1956–)
13 October 2015 15 October 2017 Commander, United Nations Stabilisation Mission in Haiti Force (MINUSTAH)  Brazil
2010 Haiti earthquake
P. K. (Ken) Keen.jpg P. K. “Ken” Keen
(c. 1953–)
14 January 2010 18 April 2010 Commander of the Joint Task Force for Haiti (JTF–H)  United States
Presidents of Haiti Simeon G. Trombitas
(1948–)
18 April 2010 1 June 2010 Commander of the Joint Task Force for Haiti (JTF–H)  United States

SOURCE: WIKIPEDIA